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Located Umm Qais, 20 km north of the city of Irbid, the largest cities of the brigade built Kenana in Irbid Governorate, over high rises 364 meters above sea level, bounded on the north and separated from the Golan Heights Yarmouk River and the South Valley Arabs extending from Irbid even Barn North west, and west of the Sea of Galilee, as it descended purgative Umm Qais gradually to the beginning of the Jordan River when the director of the Sea of Galilee.

In 63 BC conquered the Roman Bombay Greeks Greece and annexation of the Decapolis held days of the Greeks and Romans, and was comprised of ten cities in the area at the confluence of the borders of Jordan, Syria, Palestine, of which: Jerash Amila or layer stallion and the Jordan Valley, and the city of Umm Beauty northeast Jordan.

Remained a wall, tranquility and stability until the year 162, when Persians passed the Euphrates River, and invaded Syria and occupied cities gave the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180 AD) to resist the Persians and equipped armies. Found in Umm Qais - a wall - the writing was on the tomb of one of the soldiers from the battalion XIV (Jamina) which refers to the band that arrived to Umm Qais. In the year 614 Persian armies occupied and destroyed churches, did not merciless population, in the year 635 Muslim armies liberated from the Romans led Sharhabeel control bin good time of Caliph Omar ibn al-Khattab.

 

Infill and restoration in Umm Qais since 930 AD, by the Department of Antiquities of Jordan The Sagferd then Mtman archaeological survey and the drilling of the bathroom area discovered by the west of the village in 1959 and described what he found inscriptions and mosaics. In 1961, began archaeological excavations and surveys in Umm Qais when you open by Hamma, and in 1968 discovered cemetery within the city ancient, and excavating a team DE1 Institute Protestant German study the Holy Land, In 1974 and 1976, 1977, scans archaeological superficial comprehensive the impact of the upper city, and in 1986, Thomas Weber of the German Institute of Archaeology in Berlin scans archaeological comprehensive site in years 1986-1987 AD conducted moth excavations at the shrine ground, and followed Susan Kerner and Adolph Hoffman exploration during 1991 and 1992 in the portal Memorial to the west of the city in 1992 focused excavations in the area of the church and the buildings south and north western theater, and during the past 1992 to 1996 Jana and Mulder and Vrezn in the region called (A) an area intersection street with the great street sub northbound south at the northwest corner of the Acropolis


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